Germination Guide

All of our products have full instructions in the description, but here is a general guide to seed germination.

Because our seeds are from different locations around the world you will first have to know your climate, compare it to where the seed has come and their natural climate and replicate it as best as can be done.

Here are our top tips for getting your seeds to germinate:

  • Most seeds should be planted just below the soil surface, really small seeds mostly need to be planted on the surface being kept warm and moist as they don't have the energy to break through the soil.
  • Hard coated seeds can be encouraged to germinate by 'scarifying' them, scratch away part of the surface layer to help water penetrate, soaking them to the point that they will swell will also encourage seed germination. This can take quite a long time, so don't presume your seeds have failed.
  • Seeds need to be chilled before they spout if they have come from cold climates or their natural environment suffers from cold winters. Best sown in fall and letting them grow through winter naturally, or alternatively storing in your fridge for a few months before planting in a moist and warm place. This should be done immediately after removing them from their cold nap.


Plant them in moist but well-drained soil in full sun in a sheltered spot. If you have a heavy soil, add gravel in the planting hole to aid drainage. Shrubby and hardy, herbaceous salvias can be overwintered in the garden if they’re given good drainage and as much sun as possible.

Succulents and Cacti

Planting a group of succulents or cacti in one larger bowl is very effective. Larger plants like aloes and agaves look best in a pot of their own. Any large shallow pot can be used as an excellent pot for a cacti or succulent garden. You want to select plants all about the same size with similar care requirements.